Rafael Escalona Reynoso

Senior Research Associate

Rafael Escalona Reynoso has been Lead Researcher for The Global Innovation Index (GII) since October 2013. In addition to calculating the yearly GII ranks, he works closely with the GII Advisory Board and Knowledge Partners to fine-tune the GII conceptual framework as well as with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission to review the index’s computational methodology. During his tenure, he has participated in over 30 international forums helping with the dissemination of the GII results, including at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the National Academies of Sciences (NAS), The Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC-EC), and the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog), among other. His previous professional experience was as a member of the Trade and Foreign Investment Advisory Board at the office of the President of Mexico and as Economic, Science and Technology Policy Advisor to the Senate of Mexico (LVIII Legislature). As part of the congressional advisory group he led research on the economic effects of international biosafety regulations on Mexico’s basic research, industry, and trade and directed comparative analyses on international food and drug safety policies and regulations. These efforts assisted with the enactment of Mexico’s biosafety of genetically modified organisms law (DOF 18-03-2005) and of the regulatory framework for Mexico’s Federal Commission for Sanitary Risks (DOF-13-04-2004).

His research experience at Cornell University includes comparative studies between Mexico and Spain’s National Systems of Innovation and regulatory aspects of modern biotechnology and the biosafety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and on the reach and scope of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in the information technologies era. He holds a PhD in Regional Planning with concentrations on Science and Technology Studies and Risk Analysis, Communication, and Policy and a Master of Public Administration with a concentration in Science, Technology, and Infrastructure Policy from Cornell University. He also holds a Bachelor of Arts in Economics from Universidad Panamericana in Mexico.